Stem Cell Research in Australasia
Research conducted by Australian scientists makes a valuable contribution to knowledge about human stem cells and the potential applications of stem cell technologies. Public funded stem cell research based in Universities and Institutions are involved in adult and embryonic stem cell research. There are a few private companies developing stem cell research based technologies.
The majority of stem cell researchers compete for Australian Government funding through Government agencies, the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) and Australian Research Council (ARC). These programmes offer various levels of funding from Career development grants, Project grants, Programme grants and Linkage grants, between researchers and commercial partners. There is also periodic funding to establish and maintain Centres of Excellence. Further, stem cell researchers also apply for funding from the US National Institute of Health.
There have been a few Australian government initiatives specifically targeted at stem cell research as a discipline. A Biotechnology Center of Excellence funded the Australian Stem Cell Centre ($120 million) from 2003 to June 2011. More recently, the ARC funded a consortium of researchers ($21 million) called Stem Cells Australia for seven years. This consortium includes Monash University, the Universities of Queensland and New South Wales, the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute, the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, the Florey Neuroscience Institutes and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). Funding ($155 million) from the Australian and Victorian government and Monash University set up a joint initiative between EMBL and Australia, the EMBL Australia Partner Laboratory. Called the Australian Regenerative Medicine Institute (ARMI), this is a network between Monash University, the University of Queensland, the University of Sydney, the University of Western Australia and CSIRO.
There has also been State government funding for stem cell research. The New South Wales government provided one-off funding for collaborators to develop research into SCNT technology. More recently, the California Institute of Regenerative Medicine have linked with the Victorian State government to establish collaborations between research groups based in California and Victoria. The Victorian government funds the Victorian based partners.
Department of Genetics
University of Otago, New Zealand
Centre for Clinical Research (UQCCR), University of Queensland
Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Queensland University of Technology
Institute for Molecular Bioscience (IMB)
University of Queensland
New South Wales
Sydney Centre for Developmental and Regenerative Medicine
Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute
University of Sydney
Centre for Stem Cell Research
The University of Adelaide
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